VETTER-KANDEL, Celina, daughter

VINCENZ, Stanislaw, Dr.
VINCENZ, Irena, wife

Their certificate as "Righteous Among the Nations", from Sept. 1981 appears on the 29th p. in the 2nd vol. of the publication by The Main Commission for the Investigation of Crimes against the Polish Nation. "Those Who Helped". Warszawa, 1996. (see: Bibliography)

VOGELGESANG, Pelagia (1894-1986)

Pelagia and her husband were teachers who lived at Wegrow, about 50 miles east of Warsaw. Germans liquidated the ghetto in May 1943, killing ca. 1,000 on the spot and deporting the rest to Treblinka. They left 100 Jews to clean the area and then killed them. Pelagia heard shots and weeping. She opened the door: there stood a little girl. The family took her quickly inside. One night Chaim Farbiarz, who managed to avoid the massacre came to them, and told them that the girl is Lusia Farbiarz, the daughter of his brother Szmul and his wife Feiga. From time to time he visited Lusia, receiving always some bread. Also, Kleiner, the miller from Wegrow, and his son benefited sometimes from their help. The Vogelgesangs' neighbors warned them about the risk of helping Jews. The couple decided to keep only Lusia and register her, preparing her for the visit at the police. She passed the test so well that the Blue policeman even praised her for reciting some little Polish poems. After the war Lusia went to school. In 1946 her paternal uncle returned for her from the Soviet Union and the Vogelgesangs had to give up their adopted daughter, who left Poland with her uncle. Pelagia wrote: " Since Lusia left us two weeks ago neither my husband nor I can sleep or eat; the place at the table is empty. Empty is the house, nobody clings to us, nobody sings, I have nobody to teach. I will never, never see my child". See: Grynberg, op. cit.