Here should come the names starting with the simple "L"; LACH, -up and incl. the name LUTY, and not ABA and the names following it written in Polish with a barred "L"=

The following names starting here with the letter "L" are written in Polish with an oblique bar through "L"=. The barred "L" i e. "" is pronounced differently from the simple "L", similarly to the "W" in English. Therefore they must follow and not precede the names written with the simple letter "L". It means that they should come after the name LUTY. This group, starting with the name ABA, terminates with the name YSZCZYNSKI

LABEDA, Apolinary
LABEDA, Melania, wife
LACNY, Wladyslaw
LACNY-DZWIGAJ, Irena, daughter?
LADA, Waclaw
LADOSZ, Henryk
LADOSZ, Helena, wife
LAGWA, Franciszek
LAGWA, Eleonora, wife
LAGWA, Feliks Teofil, son
LAPINSKI, Jerzy, son
LAPINSKI, Mikolaj, son
LAPINSKI, Sergiusz, son
LASICA, Tadeusz
LAWKOWICZ, Janina, wife
LAWSKI, Aleksander
LAWSKI, Helena, wife
LAZANOWSKI, Katarzyna, wife
LAZANOWSKI, Anna, daughter
LAZANOWSKI, Bronislawa, daughhter
LAZOWSKI, Kazimierz
LAZOWSKI, Zofia, wife

LOGINSKI, Jerzy (1903-)

During the massacre of Jews in Rawa Ruska and after most of the area Jews had been deported to the Belzec extermination camp, a Jewish neighbor, Berisch, asked Jerzy's sister, Waleria Koziarczyk for the refuge. With him came his wife, Lola, her sisters: Fejga and Matylda and Fejga's husband, Don Berger. All of them were concealed in the garret of Waleria's house. Another Jewish couple, the Steinfelds, had a baby who could not remain with its parents. Jerzy, with the help of his woman acquaintance, brought the baby to Zamosc, to Stefania Swasze, presenting her the baby as an orphan from Rawa Ruska. After the war the Steinfelds retrieved their child and all Jews left Poland. The Germans killed one of Waleria's sons and arrested the second one with Jerzy Loginski. The latter two, however, returned home. In 1988 Don Berger wrote from Brazil that all their family of 5 persons were hidden, from August 1942 till the entrance of the Soviets in 1944, in Waleria's house with the knowledge and disinterested help of Jerzy. Waleria however has not been recognized as "Righteous". See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LOWY, Wanda
LOZA, Stefania
LOZA, Eugeniusz, son
LOZA-NOWAK, Irena, daughter?
LOZINSKI, Maria, wife

LOZINSKI, Zofia (not related)
LOZINSKI, Danuta, daughter
LOZINSKI, Zbigniew, son

LOZINSKI, Zuzanna (not related)
LOZOWSKI, Zofia see WISNICKI, Aleksander, husband

LUCZAK, Edmund, physician

Dr. Luczak spent the occupation at Liskowo near Kalisz. He provided medical attention to many Jews. One of them was the thirteen years old Natalia Landau. The girl with her mother escaped the transport to the Chelmno extermination camp. They roamed the forest. Her mother died and Natalia was gravely wounded. The peasant Krych from the village Zydowo, near Liskowo, who found her, took her to the doctor who, realizing that she is Jewish, restored her to health. In 1960 Natalia, then in England, thanked the doctor again. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LUCZAK-JAWORSKI, Natalia (not related))

LUCZAK, Roman (1899-) (not related)

Roman took part in the September campaign as an ensign and was taken to a POW camp, from which he escaped. He became active in the renowned "Parasol" detachment of the underground forces and was wounded in the Warsaw uprising (1944). He also helped Jews. He hid in his villa two Jews, of whom one was Jerzy Bruehl from Kobryn. He also participated in concealing in the years 1942-43 of five (5) Jews who escaped from the ghetto. They remained several months with a farmer at Kaczargi Stare, near Pruszkow. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LUGOWSKI, Halina (1914-) wife

The Lugowskis were poor peasants with three children at the village of Choja, (Siedlce prov.) In 1942 another peasant brought them for a few days a girl, Wanda, false name of Stella Zylberstein. Wanda told Halina that she is Jewish. Wanda was moved to a richer farmer, Andrzej Zdanowski, and later to Wladyslawa Piotrowski, and to Franciszek and Rozalia Wielogorski. After the war Stella went to Israel and brought Halina Lugowski there for good. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LUKASIEWICZ Franciszka, wife, later HUDYMA

The Lukasiewicz couple harbored for two years on their farm at Szczurawice, near Brody, the Sterling family: Szymon, his wife Zofia and also their mother and brother. Their daughter, Janina, their son Bronislaw and the parish priest, encouraged them, warned of danger and helped in general. Franciszka, 87, now invalid, was honored, with her deceased husband, in July 1990 in the St. Paul hospital in Saskatoon, Canada. The medal of "Righteous" conferred on her the Israeli Consul Benjamin Abileah in the presence of the daughter and grandson of the rescued, of a Jewish organization of Saskatoon, of the Town Council, and of the Catholic and the Jewish clergy. The daughter of the saved family, Phyllis Sterling-Jacobs, called Franciszka or Franka (Polish diminutive) her "second mother". With her husband she adopted two girls to "do something for others". She said: "The Lukasiewicz name was on the lips of my parents all my childhood and youth". In the interview on CBC Franciszka told that this was a natural thing to do, "as they did not have any place to go". The photo shows Franciszka seated and behind her Janina her daughter and Phillis Sterling Jacob. See: "Pielgrzym" of Nov. 1990, a religious monthly in Polish in Canada, written by the priest Stanislaw Bijak.
"The Canadian Jewish News" published on Aug. 9, 1990 (p. 5) an article written by Ron Csillag, with a photo of Franka Hudyma-Lukasiewicz from "The Saskatoon Star-Phoenix". It says that Phyllis Jacobs recorded on tape her father's memoirs of the war years before his death in 1986 and sent the tapes to Yad Vashem in Jerusalem. Present in the hospital were beside Janina Michalczewski, Franciszka's daughter and her daughter, Maria Smith, as well as Franciszka's five grandchildren. After the death of Antoni in 1961, Franka remarried in 1969 Mr. Hudyma, a neighbor, and came with him a year later to Canada, to Saskatoon.

LUKASIEWICZ, Franciszek (not related)
LUKASIEWICZ, Maria, wife
LUKASZEWSKI, Aleksandra, wife

LUSZCZ, Agnieszka
LUSZCZ, Jozef, son,
LUSZCZ, Walerian, son,

LYJAK, Wiktor (1903-)
LYJAK, Julianna (1908-) wife
LYJAK, Zygmunt (1928-) son, colonel
LYJAK, Wieslaw, son

The family lived in the village Kepa Gostecka, not far from Opole Lubelskie.
The father, a very poor peasant, worked also as a steersman on goods barges and caught fish for sale. During the occupation the Lyjaks were active in the BCH, underground Peasant Batalions and brought food to the Opole Lubelskie ghetto. During the liquidation of that ghetto, the Josko brothers, Adam and Cudyk, who earlier used to buy fish from Wiktor, came to them asking for shelter. The Lyjaks hid them in the barn; the entrance to it was masked by farm machinery. One day Wiktor carried by boat two other young men, both tailors. As they were hungry and cold he invited them to his house. They stayed with him for many months and later moved to the forest. Zygmunt and Wieslaw brought them food there. When they visited the Lyjaks, they were always armed, supposedly belonging to the Gustaw Alef Bolkowiak's partisan unit. From occasional aid of the Lyjaks benefited also Szmul with his son Duwcze and Wajnkuchen. The fate of all these people is unknown. See: Grynberg, op. cit.


LACH, Michal
LACH, Petronela, wife
LACH, Jozefa, daughter
LACH, Zofia, daughter

LACH, Tadeusz (not related)

LACHOWICZ, Wojciech, (1889--1943) physician

Dr. Lachowicz lived at Jagielnica, near Czortkow. In June 1941 stopped there a transport of ca. 300 Hungarian Jews destined for Kamieniec Podolski . Among them was Dr. Icchak Josyfowicz, also a physician. The Ukrainian guards of the transport, benefited from his medical care. Wojciech got the permission of the Ukrainian district head, Kanal, to keep Dr. Josyfowicz with his family in Jagielnica, taking him to his house. The Hungarian doctor was allowed to practice medicine. In 1942 he returned with his family to Hungary and lived there until the liberation. By contrast, the Ukrainian nationalists killed Dr. Lachowicz on September 16, 1943. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LAHUN, Albin
LAHUN, Agnieszka, wife
LANDAU-GODZIEN, Wiktoria see GODZIEN, Ludwik, father

LANDOWSKI, Zofia, wife
LANDZWOJCZAK-STEFANOWICZ, Eleonora see STEFANOWICZ, Leon & Stefania, parents?

LANGE, Helena
LANGE, Zygmunt, son

Mother and son living during the occupation in Warsaw, were very active in the resistance and harbored Jews many times in their home. Among them was Jerzy Lipmann, Zygmunt's high school colleague and friend. Zygmunt fell in the Warsaw Uprising (1944) and his mother lost her life in the notorious women concentration camp Ravensbruck. Their memory was honored in Warsaw on Dec. 15, as announced the Israeli Embassy in Poland.

LANGER, Bozena, daughter
LANGER-UNIATOWICZ, Ludmila, daughter
LANGER-ZAHACZEWSKI, Stanislawa, daughter

LANGIEWICZ, Jan Michal (1905-1985)
LANGIEWICZ, Maria (1911-) wife, born ZBOWID

The couple lived in Warsaw. Jan Michal was a history teacher. During the occupation he conducted secret schooling in his school - (teaching and studying under German occupation, beyond the primary level, was punished by death of teachers and students). In the summer of 1942 a Jewish ex-student of Jan Michal, Konrad Swierczynski, asked him to help H. S., a girl who managed to escape from the ghetto. Jan Michal took her into his home. A few days later another student asked for the same for a girl who escaped from the Sokolow Podlaski ghetto, Szejndla Lender. Langiewicz gave Konrad a fictitious job as a school janitor. The Edward and Anna Rowinski couple from Otwock also benefited from his help. Anna was harbored by him and got a job as a housekeeper. When "Blue" police once caught her, the Langiewicz couple went to the police post and testified in writing that they knew her to be a Catholic. Edward Rowinski had pronounced Jewish features. Langiewicz hid him and fed him for one year in the school store. Pawel Lew Marek, who escaped from the ghetto in March of 1943, was given the job of school janitor, introduced to the school principal as an old buddy of Jan Michal from the university. In the janitor's room there stayed also his wife and other people, up to eight (8) such refugees like Dr. Zelikson, from Brzesc. In 1966 H. S. testified: "Many noble people did not hesitate to risk their life in the times of contempt. Among them Professor Langiewicz should occupy an honorable place. We, whom he aided and whose spirits he kept up, have built him a living monument in our hearts" (translated from Polish). See: Grynberg, op. cit

LANGIEWICZ-OSZEROWSKI, Wanda (not related)

LARA, Tadeusz

Tadeusz lived in Vilna, in a spacious house belonging to his cousin Janina Struzanowski. In September 1941, after the Germans murdered 35,000 Jews and shut the rest in the ghetto, a Jewish woman, H.W, her baby girl and her Polish nurse came over to the home of Tadeusz. He prepared a shelter in the cellar, 2.5 by 3 meters where the women could take refuge in moments of danger, but normally they stayed in a hut on the same property until the end of the war. Another Jewish woman asked Tadeusz for shelter for her two daughters, fifteen and three. Besides them, Tadeusz hid in his home for many months in 1942, Dr. Szadkowski with his family of four. All survived the war. See: Grynberg, op. cit.


LASKOWSKI, Julian (1918-)

Julian resided with his parents, brothers and sisters in the village of Pawlowice, Kielce prov. Germans started to deport Jews from nearby Wodzislaw and other localities to Treblinka. Ajzyk Hajzykowicz, with his sister, Dana Nawarski, her husband Lejzor and two children, five and seven, appeared at Julian's door asking for shelter. He hid them in haystacks behind the farm buildings or in the fields, in the horse stable and in moments of particular danger in the fire department building. Informed of a possible visit by some ill-intentioned partisans, he hid his charges in that building, thus saving them. For a short time Julian put his guests up with Jozef Nawara, in the village of Nawarzyce. Unfortunately Lejzor left incautiously his refuge and was shot by a German patrol. Dina Nawarski returned with her children to Julian where they lived to see the end of the war. In the fifties she went to Israel, but she invited Julian for a visit there. See" Grynberg, op. cit. The other members of the family were not recognized.

LASKOWSKI, Stanislawa

LASKOWSKI, Zygmunt (not related)
LASOCKI, Franciszek
LASOTA, Bronislawa

LASOTA, Stefan
LASOTA, Wladyslawa, wife
LASZKIEWICZ, Maria, wife

LATAWIEC, Jozefa, wife

Janina Ekier related thus her story to Elzbieta Isakiewicz. The Latawiec couple resided in Cracow. Tadeusz was a postal employee. As the Germans took over their apartment, the Latawiec couple moved into a three-room flat with another Polish family. They received a telegram from my mother", - Janina Ekier relates - "asking them to take me in, an 8-year old girl, just for two weeks. When my mother was about to board the train to be deported to a camp, she pushed me toward the Latawiecs, waiting for me at the station. Mrs. Latawiec told me: "Keep your head up, only Jewish children lower their heads." She took from her neck a holy medal and put it on my neck. On the stairs to the apartment they told me, that from now on, I am their niece, that my father is a prisoner of war and that my mother died. They were a very orderly, meticulous people. One night I heard them talking: We do not have a dog, nor a cat and now we find ourselves with a child. My mother wrote them a note that she is in the Plaszow camp, which in 1942 was still an "open" camp. We all three visited my mother and I, whom my adoptive parents called Halinka, told my mother that they do not want me and that I wish to be in the camp with her. My mother replied that this is impossible. The Polish couple agreed to keep me another two weeks. The girl, according to her mother's instructions, did all she could to gain their approval, making herself useful around the house. After two weeks Tadeusz told my mother that they would keep me for another two weeks. From that time on, during one year, he visited my mother regularly with food and news. In the spring of 1943 my mother's sister and two cousins were killed. She alone from the Plaszow women was somehow saved. Halinka saw her mother for the last time, as her mother asked not to bring her anymore. Halinka's brother, although provided with "Aryan" papers, was taken to Auschwitz. (Only two years ago did Janina Ekier get his death certificate). People started talking that the Latawiecs harbor a Jewish girl. The Polish family, who lived with them, requested that they get rid of her. My mother, Janina Ekier continued - having been informed by Tadeusz about that, said: "So bring her to me, whatever will happen to me, will happen to her". To this Tadeusz replied. "No, whatever will happen to her, will happen to us". However, they had to leave the building. Tadeusz had a German friend, who invited them for a few days. He had to leave for six weeks, but Halinka had to vanish. The Latawiecs shut me for that time in a shack, on the balcony, bringing me once a week food and books, among them a Catholic prayer book purchased before by my true mother. After that extremely difficult period of loneliness for Halinka, her Polish mother put her up with a previous housemaid at the village of Borek Falencki. Tadeusz received from an acquaintance a birth certificate for a paralyzed child, under the family name Baran. From now on I had to simulate a cripple, said Janina Ekier. One day an armed German came, looking for the paralyzed girl; I was so frightened, that I jumped and clung to my adoptive mother. She fell to her knees imploring him to leave the girl. Fortunately he left, bribed with a gift. Jozefa, who was very religious, returned from church one morning and related, that St. Antony told her to put me up with Catholic Sisters. So she did, not telling them that her "niece" is a Jew. I stayed then at Staniatki with the Felician Sisters, where 15 children lived, of whom six were Jewish. My Polish parents visited me every Sunday, bringing with them some small gifts for me and paying for my upkeep. I continuously prayed for my parents, often lying prostrate on the chapel's floor with my arms outstretched. I decided to ask for myself and in the name of the other five Jewish children to be baptized, revealing thus that I am Jewish, to the great consternation of my adoptive mother. The baptism and the other holy Sacraments followed. When the Germans left Cracow, the Sisters got back to their old convent there, where great hunger reigned. The Latawiecs registered me at a private high school, for which I was excellently prepared. Suddenly my true mother returned from Buchenwald and appeared in the Latawiecs' apartment. After 7 years my father and my brother also returned from Russia, but in a terrible state. My biological parents found a room for themselves, but l did not want to be with them, I did not want to leave my adoptive parents. It was a most painful experience for me, as I loved both dearly: my biological as well as my adoptive parents. Finally the latter took me to Israel. Much correspondence followed. Only in 1979 was Janina Ekier permitted by the government regulations to visit Cracow. At that time Tadeusz was no longer living. However, when Jozefa became ill, Janina was with her for the last six weeks. Somebody said that she had a "luxurious Shoah". "Maybe it was true. I received so much love", concludes Janina Ekier. See: Isakiewicz, op. cit.

LATOS, Jozef
LATOS, Waclawa (1911-) wife

The Latos couple lived in Sosnowiec and during the occupation provided food to their Jewish acquaintances. Waclawa also used to drive to the forced labor camp at Raciborz, bringing food and money to her acquaintance, Zofia Mamlok. Adela Leneman escaped in June 1943 from transportation to Auschwitz and came to the Latos, with who she remained, in spite of very difficult living conditions, until 1944. Then the latter facilitated her the journey to Villach, in Austria, to join her sister. Dr. Dreyfus, a Czech Jew, also benefited from the Latos' help. Adela maintains contact with the Latos. See: Grynberg, op cit.

LAU, Aleksander

LAURYSIEWICZ, Stefania (1892-1945)
LAURYSIEWICZ-SPYCHALSKI, Wanda (1914-) daughter
LAURYSIEWICZ, Helena (1917-) daughter

The mother and daughters lived in Warsaw. From July 1942 until the Warsaw Uprising (1944), they harbored in their apartment Bernard and Felicja Feilgut, with their granddaughter Ewa, who remained with them till the war's end. In February 1944 Wanda married Jan Spychalski (q.v.) who came to live with the Laurysiewicz women. See: Grynberg, op.cit.


LEBIEDZINSKI, Maria (1924-)

Maria was a daughter of a navel officer from Gdynia. During the occupation she stayed in a rented room in Warsaw and studied as a nurse with the Polish Red Cross. She came to know a Jewish woman, Apel, who went under the name of Lilka Zawadzki and needed shelter. Maria took her into her room and found her a job as a nanny. When Lilka was blackmailed, Maria, through her contacts with the underground, caused the disappearance of the blackmailer. After the war Lilka went to Israel but maintains steady contact with Maria. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LECH, Czeslaw

LECH-REZLER, Helena (1907-)

Helena lived with her small son in Zoliborz, Warsaw. In the summer of 1942 Teodor and Ernestyna Ringelheim, from Cracow, who moved to Debica and then to Warsaw, found refuge with Helena until the Warsaw Uprising (1944). They escaped from the Pruszkow camp and returned to Warsaw. See: Grynberg, op.cit.

LECKI, Zofia

LEGEC (LEGIEC?) Wladyslaw
LEGEC (LEGIEC?) Stanislawa, wife

The home of Wladyslaw and Stanislawa Legec in the basement of 3/5 Szczygla Street in Warsaw was the first among the many clandestine hiding places for refugees from the ghetto and transfer points for Jewish youths being sent out of the city to join the partisans. The Legec were members of the PPR, Polish Workers' Party and in spite of having a small child, they allowed their place to be used so extensively that it defied all rules of conspiratorial activity. Another place had to be found for exclusive contacts with the ghetto. With the help of Wladyslaw Legec, a room was rented in the Old Town. It served to give material help, moral support, to supply arms, facilitate escapes and giving shelter to Jews. It served also as a meeting place between the District Committee of the PPR in the ghetto and the members of the Executive on the "Aryan" side. See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit.

LEHNERT, Zdzislawa, wife
LENARTOWICZ, Mieczyslaw, son
LENARTOWICZ-FRITZ, Zenon-Gabriel see FRITZ, Wit & Maria, parents?
LEONOWICZ, Aleksandra

LERMAN, Antoni (1908-1973)
LERMAN, Feliksa, (1905-) wife

The Lermans owned a fruit and vegetable shop in Warsaw. They had two children, eleven years old Irena and a younger son Jerzy. A Jewish girl, blond with blue eyes, Halina Kepka, thirteen, was hired by another family as a nanny for their child. When that family learned that Halina was Jewish they terminated her employment. It was the Lermans who, knowing that she was Jewish, took the girl into their home and according to her testimony of 1987, they treated her very well, as their own child. Halina went to Israel and wrote that she owes them everything. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LERSKI, Jerzy, alias "JUR"

Jerzy was the second courier after Jan Kozielewski, alias Karski, (q.v.) who had been sent abroad in November 1942. Jerzy was sent in January 1944, as the representative of the Warsaw Delegation of the Polish Government-in-Exile (in London) with news from the Polish underground. On the base of his own observations, numerous contacts and documents, he informed political circles abroad about the German occupation in Poland, including the extermination and persecution of Jews. See: Prekerowa, op. cit.

LESAK, Antoni, son (does not appear in the 1999 List)

Anna, posthumously and her son were honored by the recognition as "Righteous" in a rally at Earl Bales, Ontario, which drew over 1,500 people. Presided the ceremony the Israeli Consul General, Jehudi Kinar, himself a child survivor. The article by Ron Csillag was published in The Canadian Jewish News of May, 8, 1997, on p. 1.
On the accompanying photo appaer: The Consul, Antonin Lesak, Irena Leszkowicz (q.v.) and Constantine Eckhardt (q.v.) and on the right Hank Rosenbaum, chair of the Canadian Society for Yad Vashem.

LESINSKI, Wladyslaw (1896-1981)
LESINSKI, Aleksandra (1907-1989)
LESINSKI-RUSIECKI, Czeslawa, daughter
LESINSKI, Zdzislaw, son

The family farmed at Ostrowek Wegrowski (Siedlce prov). In the second part of 1942 the neighbors of the Lesinskis harbored in extremely difficult conditions, in a cowshed, the Jewish family of Mieczyslaw Knobel, his wife Cywia-Cecylia, their six years old son Bolek and Cywia's sister, Rozalia Kalecki. There was a camp for Russian POWs, 100 meters away. German guards with dogs searched the surrounding farms very often, looking for escaped prisoners. Aleksandra Lesinski, moved especially by the fate of the child, took the Knobels into her home, on her own initiative, without the knowledge of her family. When the secret leaked out, Aleksandra with her husband built a hiding place in one of the rooms with an extra wall. In this room stayed Aleksandra's terminally ill mother, which gave the family a pretext not to allow neighbors to go in this room. Toward the end of the occupation the farm was bombarded and the buildings took fire. According to the Cywia's statement of 1967, the Lesinskis, instead of trying to extinguish the fire and save their buildings, and the materials for a new house, first led their guests to a secure place in the forest, thus saving them. "We will never forget their nobility and disinterestedness" (translated from Polish). See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LESISZ-GUTOWSKI, Wanda see GUTOWSKI, Leonia, mother

LESKI, Kazimierz

LESZCZYNSKI, Franciszek, son
LESZCZYNSKI, Stanislaw, son


LESZCZYNSKI, Klemens (1896-1986)
LESZCZYNSKI, Zofia (1893-1982) wife
LESZCZYNSKI, Jozef (1929-) son

Klemens and Zofia farmed at Suraz, near Bialystok. In October 1939 Ewa and Leon Grynberg, with their six years old daughter, Halinka, left Warsaw for Bialystok. In June 1941 the Germans set up the ghetto there. Ewa Grynberg was denounced as a leftist activist and arrested by the gendarmes, never to return. Leon Grynberg decided to save Halinka. He contacted a Polish family, the Skalskis, who took in the girl, taught her Catholic prayers and brought her to stay with their acquaintances, the Leszczynskis, as an orphan from Warsaw. When the Leszczynskis learned that she was a Jew, at first they were terrified. But having talked to the priest they decided to keep her with them, baptizing her for security reasons. Halinka remained with them from March 1943 till August 1944 and was treated as a member of the family with entire disinterestedness. Father and daughter were reunited after the war. See: Grynberg, op. cit.


Mieczyslaw and his relatives, Franciszek and Maria Szczubial (q.v.) took part in the saving of the six member Gerszonowicz family, in the village of Bronow, Kielce prov. In particular, Gerszonowicz's niece stayed in his home for a certain time. She went to Israel with her mother. See: Grynberg, op. cit.


LESZCZYNSKI, Wlodzimierz
LESZCZYNSKI, Stefania, wife
LESZEK, Irena see ADASIAK-BARTOSZEWSKI, Marianna, mother

LESZKOWICZ, Irena, wife

Irena, 84 years old, of London, Ontario, and posthumously her husband Ignacy received their medal and certificate of the recognition of 1994 as "Righteous" from the hands of the Israeli Consul General, Jehudi Kinar, himself a child survivor. The Rally at Earl Bales drew over 1,500 participants and took place in early May 1997. The ceremony organized the Canadian Society for Yad Vashem, the Israeli Consulate, the Holocaust Remembrance Committee of UJA Federation of Greater Toronto, the Toronto Board of Rabbis and the Toronto Vaad Harabanim.
On the photo Irena appears between the Consul and Antonin Lesak (q.v.) on her right and Constantine Eckhard , who received it for his deceased mother Maria (q.v.) and Hank Rosenbaum, chair of the Canadian Society for Yad Vashem on her left. The article about the happening was written by Ron Csillag for the Canadian Jewish News on May 8, 1997, on p. 1.

LEWANDOWSKI-WOJCIK, Krystyna see WOJCIK, Maria, mother
LEWANDOWSKI, Janina, wife

LEWICKI, Aleksander
LEWICKI, Katarzyna, daughter
LEWICKI, Jaroslawa, granddaughter

LEWICKI, Czeslaw (not related)

Czeslaw might be the one who helped Wladyslaw Szpilman, the pianist, among several other people, all mentioned under the names of Bogucki, Andrzej and his wife, Bogucki, Janina, born Godlewski (q.v.) as his case No. is the next one to theirs and the year of recognition is the same, 1978.

LEWICKI, Franciszka (not related)
LEWICKI-KOT, Janina, daughter
LEWINSKI, Jan (1899-1989)
LEWINSKI, Janina (-1979) wife

They lived in Warsaw and helped many Jews. Some they harbored themselves, others they placed with acquaintances. In 1942 Jan aided the Reich family (3 persons) to flee from the ghetto, organized for them false documents and kept them in his apartment one year. Other Jews helped were: Mr. Edelberg, Mr. Frydman, Mrs. Kemplinski. See: Grynberg, op. cit.


LIGORIA, Sister, (lay name GRENDA)

Sister Ligoria from the Congregation of the Sacred Heart in Przemysl is described here together with Sister Bernarda (q.v.). See: Isakiewicz, op. cit.

LIKOS, Piotr
LIKOS, Apolonia, wife
LIKOS, Natalia, daughter

LINKIEWICZ, Helena (1907-)

Helena resided in Warsaw and took part in clandestine schooling, as only preparatory school was allowed. All studies beyond it were forbidden and many teachers and students paid for them with their lives. She took into her home Irena O., who, after loosing all her family, escaped from the ghetto and stayed first with Elzbieta Zenczykowski. Helena conducted her to Zalesie Dolne, to her brother, where she moved also with her children. No one knew about the origins of Irena O., who were a nanny to Helena's children. All survived. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LIPINSKI-CZAJKOWSKI, Bronislawa see CZAJKOWSKI, Szymon & Bronislawa, grandparents

LIPINSKI, Eryk (not related)

LIPINSKI-SZOMANSKI, Krystyna (not related)

Krystyna with her friend Zofia Niczewski-Rontaler (q.v.) both working in the theater in the Lazienki Palace, both active in the AK, protected Jews always acting together, as they lived in a two studio apartment. She met a few times before the war Halina Schulzinger whose husband, Jakub, remained temporarily in Leipzig. When he came to Warsaw, once Krystyna's mother during a German search had had to hide him in a sofa bed. He was taken later in a train roundup.
Since 1941 Halina found lodgings for Halina and her daughter, Jola. When Halina was finally shut in the ghetto, Krystyna, walking on the rooftops, saw what happened there. When Jola mingled with a group of workers leaving the ghetto for the day, surrounded by soldiers, Krystyna snatched her by hand from the group and took in a cub home. She found for her a boarding school in Lesna Podkowa, where she visited her from time to time. Her mother, Halina, got out of the ghetto by bribe and, as a pianist, managed even to pay for her daughter schooling, but all her belongings were scattered in various places. Zosia (diminutive for Zofia) Rontaler, broke the seal of the Gestapo who closed Halina's apartment and brought her belongings to her new apartment. Krystyna survived luckily a Gestapo questioning. Both young friends found a new apartment for Halina Schultzinger, false papers from the AK and maintained contact with her till the Warsaw Uprising (1944). Both also harbored sometimes at their apartment some or all members of the Wdowinski family. This was particularly dangerous as in that apartment took place also AK meetings. Fortunately they were never denounced. Krystyna's mother is not recognized. See: Lukas, Out of the Inferno, op. cit.

LIPINSKI, Stanislaw (not related)
LIPINSKI, Maria, wife

LIPINSKI, Waleria (not related)
LIPINSKI, Marianna, daughter
LIPKA, Edward
LIPKA, Jozefa, wife
LIPKA, Stanislaw
LIPKA, Helena, wife (the four belong to the same family)


Ewelina was the daughter of a well-known and respected teacher in Ostrowiec Kielecki (now Swietokrzyski) who ran a boarding house called "Papa Szymanski Pensjonat" in which he hid Jews. ("Papa" is an endearing name for father" and the first 3 letters, PPS, indicated also the political party he belonged to, the Polish Socialist Party). Neighbors suspected it, but kept silent. His daughters were educated in the ideas of one's duty to his/her neighbors in need. Ewelina offered her help to her schoolmate Szoszana Wachholder. She provided her with false documents on a fictional name of a Moslem (Moslems, descendant of Tartars, settled in Poland centuries before) as her brother-in-law. Mr. Kryczynski, was a Moslem himself. Szoszana went to Warsaw, where she found work at Dr. Smigora. Due to a denunciation she spent a year in the Pawiak prison, in its sewing shop. In July 1944 the Jewish employees of Pawiak were transferred to Gesiowka. This was a concentration camp in Warsaw itself. They were liberated from it on August 5, 1944 by the Warsaw insurgents, specifically by the "Zoska " Batalion, part of the famous "Szare Szeregi" (Grey ranks) under the command of Capt. Micuta. Ewelina and her sisters also helped other Jews: Cyrla Rakocz, Maria Ryba, Stefania Kowalczyk, her daughter and Mrs. Dratwer. When the Gurfinkel baby, (3) whose mother was in Warsaw, was recognized as Jewish, Ewelina decided to bring it to his mother there. On the station of Ostrowiec a blackmailer accosted her. She cursed him so energetically, that the young man fled. The story appeared in Polish in the Izraelskie Nowiny i Kurier, in Tel Aviv. See: Bartoszewski & Lewin.


LIPSKI, Stefania (1908-) (not related)

Stefania lived in Vilna. Sonia Lewin, wife of Chaim, gave birth to a son in secret from the authorities of the ghetto. She asked Stefania for help. They agreed that Sonia would bring the baby in a basket and deposit it near the entrance to a church, froom where Stefania would pick it up and declare it to the authorities. The baby was baptized and remained with Stefania for three years. Stefania also harbored another Jewish child, whose parents, Israel and Sonia Zylberman, had perished. Chaim Lewin fought in a Jewish partisan unit. Sonia, his wife, was transferred to Stutthof and other concentration camps. Both survived and were reunited with their son and went to the USA. A Jewish family from Moscow adopted the Zylbermans' daughter. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LIPSKI, Wladyslaw (not related)
LIPSKI, Stefania, wife (another one)
LIPSKI-KATZ, Danuta, daughter?
LIRO, Antonina

LIRO-WAJDA, Zofia (not related)

Today this researcher receives the article dated Sept. 18, 1986, written by Guadalupe Appendini, from the 1st and 3rd page of the Excelsior daily in Mexico City. It tells about the ceremony of conferring the medal of "Righteous" on Sopfia Wajda, born Liro and given to Adam Wajda for his deceased mother. The ceremony took place in that city, presided by the Israeli ambassador, Moshe Arad. The article shows three huge photographs: of the Wajda family with the ambassador, another with the ambassador handing the medal to Sofia's son, Adam,
and a third one of the son, Adam, alone. The Israeli ambassador read the testimony of the two sisters Stetmez. It said that Sofia, without the knowledge of her husband, and what more, even pregnant, decided to save three Jewesses, the sisters Stetmez and Irene Lisinkievitch, all in the town of Lesko, in 1942. As in that house stayed also Gestapo officers, the three women were concealed in a partition of her apartment for two or even three years. The three women begged her to let them go to the woods, but she did not allow them to leave her refuge. How she did it defies imagination. All survived including the son, Adam, living now in Mexico and a daughter, Hanka, (diminutive of Anna) living in Poland. Sofia (Spanish for Zofia) Wajda born Liro, died in 1969 in Poland.
This researcher is in possession of the copy of the certificate of Zofia Liro-Wajda., dated Feb. 6, 1986 and written in Hebrew on the right and in French on the left.

LIS, Helena (1897-1969)
LIS-JASTRZEBSKI, Wladyslawa (1923-) daughter

Mother and daughter lived in Lvov. They harbored five (5) Jews during the entire war: Dr. Jozef Bauer, Leon Bilgoraj with his wife Liza, Irena Borys and Fritz. All survived and left Poland, except Irena Borys who moved to Wroclaw (Breslau). She declared in 1964 that Helena and Wladyslawa did not obtain any benefit from their good deeds. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LISICKI, Kazimiera, wife
LISICKI, Danuta, daughter
LISICKI, Tadeusz, son
LISIKIEWICZ, Miron, physician

LISOWSKI-WOLODKOWICZ, Maria (not related)

LISOWSKI, Zofia (not related)
LISOWSKI, Witold, son
LISZEWSKI, Wladyslaw
LITWIN, Franciszek
LITYNSKI, Michal (1906-1989) physician

Dr. Litynski was the chief of the Department of Internal Medicine in the Ujazdowski Hospital in Warsaw. He was active in the AK (Home Army). He helped Jews especially by giving them false birth and baptismal certificates. He got 50 such documents from the Protestant pastor Feliks Gloeh (q. v.). Szymon Z. Bieberstein declared in 1948 that he is most grateful to Dr. Litynski for the medical attention he accorded to his wife, to his two sons and to his parents-in-law during the entire occupation, at the risk of loosing his own freedom. He did not accept any fees and often gave to his patients free medicines, very difficult to obtain at that time. "The Polish medical profession may be proud to count Dr. Michal Litynski in its ranks" (translated from Polish). See: Grynberg, op. cit.

LOBA, Stanislaw
LOBA, Jadwiga, wife
LOBA, Jeremi, son
LORENC, Antoni
LORENC, Jozefa, wife
LORENC, Maria, daughter

LORENC, Jozef (not related)
LORENC, Maria, wife
LOTH, Edward
LUBAS, Franciszek
LUBAS, Maria, wife
LUBAS, Julia, daughter
LUBECKI, Zofia, sister

LUBICZ-NYCZ, Bronislaw (not related)
LUBICZ-NYCZ, Izabela, wife

Sara Rapaport gave a glowing attestation about the activity of the Lubicz-Nycz couple and their teenage son, Jan, in helping Jews during the occupation. She was in charge of the Child welfare Section of the Central Committee of Jews in Poland and later Director of a psychological institution in Tel Aviv. Edward Rostal published the story about them in Polish in the Izraelskie Nowiny i Kurier, in 1963 (No. 214). See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit.

LUBKIEWICZ, Marianna, wife
LUBKIEWICZ, Stanislaw, son



Alojzy lived at Cholopiny, district of Luck, Vohlinia. In the middle of 1942, after the liquidation of the Zofiowka ghetto of about 13.500 Jews and the murder by Germans of another 600 in the forest, several Jews who escaped came to Alojzy seeking asylum. The refugees were: Kosko Bulman with his sons, his brother-in-law, Joska Huszer, with his wife and daughter, Elo Potasz with his wife Rywka, son Boruch and daughter Baska, and the 3 member Frydman family. Alojzy hid the first few in the garret above the pigsty then in bunkers dug in the ground not far from his home, or in the forest. He built nine (9) such bunkers, seven under the ground, two above, as the number of his guests rose to 34, counting also the Fisgier, Blitstein, Gierszon, Weisman, Rowinski families and others. He provided them with food from July 1942 until February 1944, either from his farm, or buying it as far as 30 km away (ca. 20 miles) to avoid suspicions. In February 1943 gendarmes surrounded one of the bunkers. Jews defended themselves with arms provided by Alojzy, but 60 Wlasowcy (who collaborated with Germans) used grenades and killed the 16 Jews in that bunker. The other people under the care of Alojzy survived. Some of the persons saved, Elo Potasz, Frydman and Fisgiera, sent Alojzy parcels from the USA. See: Wronski & Zwolakowa, op. cit., Grynberg. op. cit.