| DADAK, Jozefa
DAJSTROWSKI, Anna, wife
DAJSTROWSKI, Leokadia, daughter
DAJSTROWSKI, Maria, daughter
DAMSKI, Jozef (not related)
DAMSKI, Helena, wife
The couple lived in Praga,
a suburb of Warsaw. Their neighbors, the Rozenbergs, a family of
five, found themselves in the ghetto. In order to bring them food,
Helena would jump off the running tramway car, as it did not stop at the
ghetto. Their eldest daughter, Renia, sneaked from the ghetto and
came to the Damskis. But one day Helena did not find them anymore:
they had been deported to a camp. At that time Helena kept a clandestine
secondary school in her home. As Germans had closed all universities
and secondary schools and tolerated only very restricted primary schools,
Poles, under the threat of death for all participants, organized secondary
and university courses in private homes; circa one million students participated
in those courses. Nevertheless, Helena took into her flat a Czech
Jew. When the students were present, she hid the Jew
in the W.C. She told them that it could not be used because it is
out of order. Soon after the Czech Jew left, Helena accepted to take
care of a 20 month old Jewish baby, Esther, whose father had been killed
and whose mother, hiding in Zoliborz (a suburb of Warsaw) wanted to see
her daughter often. On one of the trips to the mother somebody on
the tramway exclaimed: "What a pretty little Jewess." Helena, with
the baby in her arms, jumped off the moving car again. When Esther,
called "Genia", fell ill, Helena had to take her to a doctor. He
told her: "Don't be afraid. I also have a small foster daughter like her
at home". In the meantime her husband, Jozef was deported to a camp.
Once Germans suddenly broke into the house. Helena' s 13 year old
son hid in the cellar. She was ill that day with a high fever and
kept her bed; the little girl, terrified by the search, crawled into Helena's
bed, under the blanket, without uttering a sound. All survived.
See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit., taken from the story of Esther
Wolkowicz, written by E. Rostal "Moja corka Genia" (My daughter Genia)
published in Tel-Aviv, in the Polish periodical "Izraelskie Nowiny i Kurier".
DANILOWICZ, Janina, daughter
Krystyna befriended before
the war the Kukuszko family, especially the elder daughter. She found
a refuge for the father, the mother and the elder daughter. The younger
daughter she brought to Warsaw. She helped them in all possible ways,
providing them with food, money and news. The Israeli Embassy in
Poland announced that the medal would be conferred on her in Warsaw on
Dec. 15, 1999.
(not related)see GORCZYCA, Emilia, mother?
* DABOWSKI, Krzysztof (1901-1945)
Krzysztof lived with his wife, gravely ill, and seven (7) children at Dlugoleka, Bialystok prov. Only the eldest daughter Helena, was able to help him to save seven (7) Jews. Bandits murdered Krzysztof on May 5, 1945, because he did not have gold or valuables, which they thought he must have received for saving Jews. He was mentioned here previously (the 3rd) among the "Righteous"
in the list of "Those Who Paid with Their Lives". See: Grynberg,
DABROWIECKI, Anna, wife
DABROWSKI, Konstanty (not
DABROWSKI, Maria, wife
DABROWSKI, Michal (not related)
DABROWSKI, Jadwiga, wife
DABROWSKI, Stanislaw (not
DABROWSKI, Anastazja, wife
DABROWSKI, Kazimiera, daughter
Stanislaw's family helped
many Jews, among them Rachmiel Fridland. Thanks to them, he was able
to leave the ghetto and hide in their home till the end of the war.
They were decorated by a decision of Yad Vashem in Warsaw on Jan 14, 1999.
DABROWSKI, Waclaw (not related)
DABROWSKI, Jozefa, wife
DABROWSKI, Wladyslaw (not
DABROWSKI, Zofia (not related)
DAMBROWSKI, Stefania (not
Stefania gave refuge to many
Jews in the estate of Orwidow Dolny, county Niemenczyk, Vilna-Troki.
Among them was Miriam K., supposedly a daughter of a cousin. From
November 1941 to July 1944 Stefania harbored Artur Minkowski with his wife
Hana, Natalia W., under the name Swierczewski, Sonia T. daughter of a shop
owner and periodically others. All survived except the Minkowskis,
who were killed by bandits. We know the names of the persons saved.
She received her medal as "Righteous" in Warsaw, in May 1996. Case No.
DEBA, Jan, son
DECZYNSKI, Zofia, daughter
DECZYNSKI, Jadwiga, daughter
DENASIEWICZ, Krystyna, daughter
DENEKO, Jadwiga see SALEK-DENEKO,
born PLOSKI (1904-) wife
Stanislawa lived with her
husband and son in Warsaw. During the occupation she helped several
Jews. Adolf Werkszel avoided the newly formed ghetto and remained
on the "Aryan" side, in the house of Stanislawa. In August 1941 she
smuggled his parents, Dawid and Rozalia, out of the ghetto and dispatched
them by boat to Kazimierz. In her home there stayed also Adolf's
sister, Maryla, for whom she got a fake Kennkarte and even a job.
Adolf's baby sister also stayed with her. Dora Tchorz got work as
a homemaker and similarly Stefania Srebrna. When Adolf was discovered
and arrested by the "Blue" Police in summer of 1942, Stanislawa bribed
the policeman and freed him. Adolf's parents returned to the ghetto
and perished there. Adolf, Dora, Ryszard H. survived. The fate
of Maryla after the Warsaw Uprising is unknown. See:
Grynberg, op. cit.
Jan Dentkiewicz saved his
friend Feliks Ploski and was recognized 14 years after his wife, as announced
by the Israeli Embassy in Warsaw. He was honored on Dec. 15, 1999.
DEPA, Helena, wife
DEBICKI, Zofia, daughter?
Zofia Debicki, living in
Warsaw, came from a family of intellectuals. In her home she had
two very sick, old women: her mother and the paralyzed Stefania Sempolowski,
a veteran Socialist leader, whose presence endangered her even more.
In her home she kept Jewish women as nurse, cook, seamstress and maid.
She seized from a transport a little Jewish girl, claiming that she is
her daughter. Zofia hid and helped eighty-five (85) Jews. She
alerted her friends in the Post Office to intercept letters informing the
Gestapo about Jews. She aided also other people, members of Zegota,
persons of other nationalities, even Communists. In her home was
the base of the JOB, the Jewish Fighting Organization. See: Bartoszewski
& Lewin, op. cit.
DEBICKI, Kazimierz (not related)
DEBICKI, Sylwina, wife
Zygmunt was a student of
limited means at the Lvov Engineering College, but he also rescued Jews.
Thanks to the initiative of Irena Ciesielski, he harbored a Jew, Czaskes-Akselbard.
The latter took part in the Polish AK under the war name of Leopold Kucharski.
On his request, Zygmunt went to Jaroslaw, to bring food and correspondence
to Dr. Zylberstein, an ex bank director. He got Leopold's grandfather
out of the Grodek Jagiellonski ghetto. He helped also other Jewish
families in Lvov. Zygmunt married Irena and left for Gliwice.
Kucharski remained and was deported to Siberia where he had to work in
a gold mine. After Stalin's death he returned to Poland and left
for Israel. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DICKER-SREBNIAK, Maria see
DIEHL, Kazimiera, wife
DLUTOWSKI, Stefania (1886-1968)
DLUTOWSKI, Maria Krystyna,
Beginning with 1943 the Dlutowskis
concealed in their apartment Bluma Goldman and her grandson Jerzy, Leon
Leinkram with his daughter Ruth and nephew Michal and Marta Lenecki.
Later Stefania placed Ruth in the institution of the Felician Sisters at
Glinki and Michal with her cousin. Stefania was forced to pay blackmailers,
but all the people mentioned survived and emigrated. See: Grynberg,
DOBEK, Cecylia, wife
DOBEK, Stanislaw, son
DOBKOWSKI, Apolonia, wife
DOBKOWSKI, Mieczyslaw, son
DOBKOWSKI, Tadeusz, son
DOBKOWSKI, Wincenty, son
DOBOSIEWICZ, Rudolf (1900-
Rudolf, a shoemaker at Skole,
county of Stryj, knew many Jews. In the years 1943-44, he provided
food to those staying either in the town or in the woods. He also
put Jews in contact with the partisans, particularly the young ones.
Fifteen (15) persons benefited from their help but not all survived.
Among those who did, Rotenberg with his wife emigrated to the U.S.A. and
the brothers Grundberg went with their wives to Israel. Chaim Kirszenbaum
wrote that Rudolf snatched him from the hands of the Gestapo and hid him
in his house during 1943. When Chaim joined the partisans, Rudolf
provided them with food. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
He worked as a journeyman
tinsmith in Warsaw. He took care of Leokadia Schmidt and her husband,
who later left for the U.S.A. Leokadia wrote a book about this: "Cudem
Przezylismy Czas Zaglady" (By miracle we survived the time of Shoah) Tow.
Literackie, Poland, 1983. After they died, their son Marek Marian
wrote from Paris that Zygmunt extricated his father from the hands of the
Gestapo, and helped his parents to survive on the "Aryan" side, confirming
his mother's book. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DOBOSZYNSKI, Jerzy, alias
PARTYKA or TOMASZEWSKI (-1944)
DOBOSZYNSKI, Zofia, alias
MONIKA (1910-) wife
Both journalists were active
in the AK and in saving Jews. Zofia got out of the ghetto Bronislawa
G., with her six years old daughter and Bronislawa's aunt, Zofia Kerner.
Jerzy got for them fake "Kennkarten" and found them a safe haven, but Zofia
remained with them as a housekeeper. They also helped Jan Deutsch
and his fiancée from Bielsko, Halina Braz from Warsaw, Maria and
Pawel P. from Boryslaw and the husband of Bronislawa G. Zofia also
got false documents for other Jews. In the Warsaw Uprising in which
both fought, Jerzy was killed and Zofia was taken to a camp in Saxony.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DOBRACZYNSKI, Jan, (1910-)
An author of many books,
member of the Catholic nationalist party, which before the war was not
particularly sympathetic to Jews, he is credited, in spite of that, with
saving hundreds of Jewish children. He was an official of the Department
of Health and Welfare in Warsaw. He co-operated with Jadwiga Piotrowski,
(q.v.) and Irena Sendler (q.v.). He signed all the faked birth and
baptismal certificates and equally invented new biographies for Jewish
children in order to make them appear as Poles and Catholics. It
was understood that when he signed those papers, the child was Jewish and
was to be accepted with special consideration by convents and orphanages.
See: Prekerowa, Teresa. "Konspiracyjna Rada Pomocy Zydom w Warszawie
1942-1945. (Conspiratorial Council for Aid to Jews in Warsaw) Warszawa,
PIW, 1982. The book is translated into French; the English edition
will appear soon.
DOBRACZYNSKI, Wiktor (-1960)
DOBRACZYNSKI, Pelagia (1908-)
They lived at Wawolnica,
near Pulawy. During the deportation of Jews to the camp at Poniatowa,
the couple Sternblic pushed their eight years old daughter out of the cattle
car they were being taken to camp in, telling her to go to the Dobraczynskis.
They took her in as their own fourth daughter until the end of the occupation.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DOBRODZIEJ, Krystyna, wife
DOBRODZIEJ Krystyna's mother,
DOBROWOLSKI, Anna, alias
Anna was a teacher by profession.
She joined the Council for Aid to Jews in Cracow, on the executive level.
She was its treasurer and a most scrupulous bookkeeper, keeping and concealing
all financial documents, including the receipts signed with the true names
of several hundred Jews who received financial help. See: Prekerowa,
DOBROWOLSKI, Hipolit (not
DOBROWOLSKI, Jozefa, wife
DOBROWOLSKI, Kazimierz (not
DOBROWOLSKI, Stefania, wife
DOBROWOLSKI, Mieczyslaw (not
DOBROWOLSKI, Stanislaw ((1904-)
DOBROWOLSKI, Zofia (1902-1988)
DOBROWOLSKI, Wladyslaw (HORSZA)
(1906-) brother, general
Stanislaw and Zofia resided
at Chrzastow, near Mielec, Rzeszow prov. Wladyslaw was a fighter
in the resistance movement, as a member of ZWZ-AK and was an instructor
of the BCH, Peasants' Battalions. With the co-operation of a neighbor,
Jozef Madry, they took care of seven (7) Jews: Psachia and Miriam Honig
and their daughter Helen Schreiber, Sara Konarek with her daughter Mina,
Ahron Rozencweig and Francis Lerensohn. One of the two Rotman sisters,
whom they also helped, (one with a child), went in 1943 to Mielec and was
shot by a "Blue" policeman. The fate of the other sister is unknown.
The other person sheltered survived. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DOBROWOLSKI, Stanislaw Wincenty
alias STANIEWSKI, (1915-) lawyer
Stanislaw Wincenty was the
head of the Council for Aid to Jews in Cracow, since its inception in that
city in March 1943. It prepared "Aryan" documents for the hiding
Jews, tried to counteract the ubiquitous German anti-Semitic propaganda,
condemned blackmailers, and saved many Jewish children and up to ca. 1000
adults; most of them received regular monthly stipends. For purely
humanitarian motives, Stanislaw Wincenty hid Dr. Michal Weichert at his
sister's and elsewhere. Dr. Weichert was the head of the Jewish Welfare
Organization. This phony institution had been created by Germans
to siphon money sent by Jews from abroad to help Polish Jews. The
organization was disbanded when Germans did not need it anymore.
Thus 90 % of Jewish aid went straight into German coffers. Dr. Weichert
got even a death sentence from the Jewish resistance movement in Cracow,
confirmed by its Warsaw branch, but it was not carried out. Zegota
constantly warned Jewish organizations abroad that the Weichert organization
was a German front but they preferred to believe Dr. Weichert. The
Cracow Zegota reached even the inmates in the prisons and forced labor
and concentration camps, e.g. providing flour, beans etc. to the Plaszow
camp or facilitating escapes from Auschwitz. After the war Dr. Dobrowolski
was ambassador to Denmark and Greece and a member of the International
Control Commission in Vietnam. See: Prekerowa, op cit.
DOBROWOLSKI, Stefania (another
one, not related)
DOBROWOLSKI, Tadeusz (not
DOBROWOLSKI, Halina, wife
DOBRSKI, Teresa, see PREKER(0WA),
DOBRUCKI, Andrzej (1884-1954)
DOBRUCKI, Aniela (1891-1952)
DOBRUCKI-MIKUSZ, Maria Ewa
Andrzej and Aniela resided
at Czortkow, Tarnopol prov. They had many contacts with Jews who
during the war found help and refuge with them. Among them was the
lawyer Margules, Mrs. Gelber with her daughter, Szor, the bookkeeper, Mrs.
Wajsman, Mrs. Rozencwajg the merchant, Perelmuter and others. Stanislawa
Pikholc also spent two years in their home. The 15 years old Maria
sneaked into the ghetto and received a three years old sickly girl from
the hands of the girl's father, Salomon Hauser. Her mother found
her safe and healthy in 1945. She wrote that their home was open
day and night to every Jew. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DOBRZANSKI, Stefan (possibly
related to Grazyna?)
DOBRZYNSKI, Jadwiga, wife
DOBRZYNSKI, Alicja, daughter
DOCHA, Antoni, physician
DOCHA, Janina, wife
DOCHMACKI-JONOWSKI (JANOWSKI?) Nina, daughter?
DOLEZAL, Eugeniusz (1902-1983)
He was a typesetter, living
with his wife Stanislawa and son Andrzej in Warsaw.
He took part in the defense
of the capital in 1939. Before the war he knew Harry Folk, who worked
during the occupation in a spring factory on the ghetto territory.
At the request of Harry, Eugeniusz was hired there also. For a big
sum of money Eugeniusz got a false "Kennekarte" for Harry, smuggled him
out of the ghetto and took him into his apartment. Later Harry, posing
as a Pole, left for Germany until the liberation in 1945. Eugeniusz
rendered the same service to the engineer Mieczyslaw Teller, who left later
for the village of Wygoda. The latter wrote that Eugeniusz took care
of him like a brother, although he himself was in financial difficulties.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DOLINSKI, Czeslaw (not related)
DOLSKI, Zofia, wife
DOLZA, Maria, wife
DOLZA, Tadeusz, son
DOMAGALA, Jan (1904-
DOMAGALA, Maria, born RUP
The Domagalas lived at Zachwiejow,
Padew Narodowa, prov. of Tarnobrzeg with four children, on one of the biggest
farms in the village of which Jan was the head. They had commercial
contacts with the Jewish family K. from nearby Zarowne, who also had three
sons and a daughter. One of their sons died and Germans shot their
daughter. The other two brothers, Jerma and Icek 25 and 20 years
old, were taken into the work camp of Smocze, near Mielec. Beginning
with 1943, every two weeks, they managed to leave the camp and appeared,
cold and hungry, often ill, at the Domagalas, who gave them food, medicines
and lodging for a night or two. They did the same for other Jewish
youngsters, whom Jan brought often into his home. Once, probably due to
a denunciation, when the two brothers were in the barn, Germans came.
Maria stepped out of the house, with her children. The Germans looked
at them and. left. Jan succeeded to persuade them that the denunciation
was false. Cordial contacts with the two brothers lasted till their
departure to the USA, after their parents were no longer living.
Jerma wrote from the States that Icek had died during the passage.
He wrote a second time, offering to rent the 1,5 hectare farm, which belonged
to their parents, to the Domagalas. And then silence. However
Jan and Maria were recognized as "Righteous" by Yad Vashem on Mar. 27,
1997 by letter dated May 15, 1997. Maria, now a widow, received her
medal in Lublin, Poland on Feb. 17, 1998. The case was started in
In connection with the two
brothers there is a further story, yet unresolved. Their mother,
Rozalia, visited several times the school principal, Henryk and his wife
Janina Golembiowski. They lived with their son, Adam, 12, in the
school which was next to the Yerma's and Icek's house. She asked
Janina, in the absence of Henryk, who as an officer, expecting arrest,
had to hide outside of his home, to conceal some money and valuables.
Janina refused. But then she was entreated to accept for safekeeping
some Jewish sacred books, Torah and genealogical documents of many Jewish
families. She finally agreed, in order to preserve the culture and
history of Jews being exterminated. What was her shock when the young
men brought 9 to 11 huge crates, when she expected maybe one suitcase.
But as she had given her word, she had to keep it. So she let the
brothers haul the crates to the attic. Henryk, who returned temporarily,
with Adam's help, covered them with ca. 2.000 books from the school library.
The brothers often received food and medicines also from the Golebiowskis.
In April 1941 Germans occupied the school for their officers and 200 soldiers,
searching it from top to bottom several times, but not interested in Polish
books, they left them undisturbed. The school was searched also by
Russians, Ukrainians and even robbed by bandits, but the crates remained
where they had been deposited. With the end of the occupation the
two brothers, after the death of their parents, recuperated their crates.
With tears of joy and gratitude, they thanked the Golembiowskis on their
knees, and left for America, but no letter ever came from there.
The Golembiowskis were not recognized.
DOMANUS, Adela (-1968)
With her husband Henryk,
her son and daughter-in-law, she lived in Warsaw and helped several Jews.
First she took under her care Klara Szapiro and her seven years old daughter,
Inko. She organized for her fake documents and put her up with an
acquaintance, Anna Gruz. Klara, fearing denunciation, had to change
her residence several times. Each time Adela helped her to find a
new refuge. She kept with her the little girl Inko, but then placed
her at the "Grey Nuns" on Tamka and then with the Sisters of Our Lady of
Mercy on Zytnia Street. After the war, mother and daughter lived
in Lodz and then left for Israel. Adela helped likewise Dr. K. Weizman
with his wife Jadwiga from Lvov and Jadwiga Maczko. See: Grynberg,
DOMANSKI, Bogdan, son
DOMANSKI, Maria, daughter
DOMANSKI, Stanislaw (not
DOMANSKI, Wladyslawa, wife
DOMANSKI, Jerzy, son
DOMANSKI, Krystyna, daughter
DOMARADSKI, Hanna, daughter
DOMARADSKI, Jadwiga, daughter
see POTRZEBOWSKI, Jan & Natalia, parents?
Maria was the daughter of
the janitors at the Cukiers' house in Warsaw. She hid in her apartment
several Jews related to the Cukiers, among them Cukier's sister, Liliana
Stern, whom she placed with her acquaintances and of whom she took care.
In the cellar she hid also Mosze Tenenbaum, whom she married after the
war and with whom she left for Israel. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DOROCINSKI, Stefan, his
Father and daughter lived
at the village of Mlodowa, near Lubaczow, Przemysl prov. They concealed
Joseph R. in their cellar. He still maintains contact with Aniela,
whom he calls a true angel. He sent her money regularly, in a most
admirable way and invited her for a lengthy stay in Canada. The Dorotas
were recognized as "Righteous" by Yad Vashem on May 5, 1992, by letter
dated July 1, 1992. The case No. 5201 was started in 1985.
DOWBENKO, Jozef (1889-1969)
DOWBENKO, Michalina (1880-1975)
DOWBENKO, Jan (1915-) son
The Dowbenkos lived at Kalusz,
Stanislawow prov., where Jozef had a flourmill and had many business contacts
with Jews. In 1942 some Jewish acquaintances asked Jozef for shelter
from deportation: Joseph Dischek, his fiancée, Genia Likwornik,
Szmerl Reis and the two Kenig brothers. First they planned to hide
in the woods and entrusted their belongings to a villager, who unfortunately
murdered Reis and the Kenigs. Joseph Dischek returned to the Kalusz
ghetto, but succeeded to escape from the transport to the he ghetto in
Stanislawow, and rejoined his fiancée at the Dowbenkos. Joseph,
who had lost all his family, told Michalina that from now on she would
be his mother. They survived there in spite of denunciations and searches.
After the war both went to Canada and invited Jan for a visit there.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DRAB, Helena, sister
DRAB, Janina, sister
DRAB, Waclaw, brother
DREWNIAK, Zofia, wife
DREWNIAK, Stanislaw, son
DROZD, Jozefa, wife
DROZD, Kazimiera, daughter
DROZDE, Michal's wife
DROZDOWSKI, Stefania (not
DRUSKAWIECKI, Janina, wife
DRUSZKIEWICZ, Feliks (1902-)
Feliks worked in the Continental
Commerce and Industry Society in Warsaw, where he had many Jewish colleagues.
His help for them consisted in financing the costs of their various shelters.
The following benefited from his generosity: the Korc family, Rozalia and
Jozef, their teenage daughters, Olga and Irena, and Rozalia's brother Henryk
Miller. Feliks contributed to the liberation from the ghetto of Maria
Gans and of her teenage daughter, who was under his care although living
elsewhere. The Hausner family, whom Feliks also helped, did not survive
the occupation. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DRYNSKI, Anna (1892-1985)
Anna and her husband Tadeusz
Drynski lived at Milanowek, near Warsaw. Their home was a shelter
for many Jews, especially from the intelligentsia: the three Bornsteins:
Jadwiga born Goldman, her husband Prof. Benedykt, Dr. Maurycy, Ludwik Brysker,
Prof. Bronislaw Buras, Teofila Fraudenreich, the Poslawski couple with
their son Roman, Mrs. Tazbir, Zuzanna Glogowicz born Tenenbaum and others.
All survived. Tadeusz Drynski was not recognized. See: Grynberg,
DRZEWICKI, Lidia see SZULC,
Jozef & Anna, parents
DRZEWIECKI, Sister Aleksandra,
DRZEWIECKI, Stanislaw (not
DRZEWIECKI, Halina, wife
DUBINIECKI, Stefania, wife
DUBIS, Waleria, wife
DUDA, Helena, wife
DUDA, Marianna, daughter
DUDA, Zygmunt, son
The Dudas and the Ogonowskis
(q.v.) lived in the Kielce region. They hid ten (10) persons in a
dugout made in the ground and covered with potatoes. There was a
small hole through which the Duda children could pass food to the hidden
Jews, who spent 20 months in those conditions. See: Paldiel,
DUDAR, Wiktoria, wife
The Dudars farmed at Dobrowody,
near Zbaraz, Tarnopol prov. Antoni used to bring food to Jews in
the Zbaraz ghetto. In 1943 Mosze Szwadron with his wife escaped from
it and hid in the forest where Antoni brought food to them as well as to
Mosze's sister, Bejla Rozenberg and to Maria Fleiszman. Later the
Dudars took them into their farmstead. Mosze and Antoni built a shelter
and Wiktoria or Stanislawa brought them food. Dramatic moments were
not lacking, when the Ukrainian Bandera group raided the farm and when
the retreating German soldiers occupied it. But all luckily survived.
The Szwadrons went to Israel and after many years resumed, through the
Red Cross, contacts with the Dudars. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DUDEK, Jozefa (not related)
DUDEK, Janina, daughter
DUDEK, Jozef, son
DUDEK, Maria, daughter
DUDEK, Miroslaw (not related)
DUDEK, Zofia, wife
DUDZIAK, Janina, daughter
DUDZIAK, Maria daughter
alias "IRENA", daughter
DUDZIAK, Wladyslawa, daughter
The Dudziaks resided on their
farm at Kajetanowka, Lublin prov. Wanda was active in the resistance
BCH, Peasants' Battalions. In 1941 she met in Lublin her acquaintance,
Bejman, who asked her to care for a few days for her four years old daughter
Roza and then disappeared. Wanda's house was searched. Roza
was not found, but Germans arrested Wanda' brother, who died in the Majdanek
extermination camp. In 1946 Roza was returned to a representative
of the Central Jewish Committee in Poland and was taken to Israel.
She invited Wanda for a visit. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DUDZIAK, Zofia (not related)
Jadwiga Dudziec was active
in the underground in Vilna. During a protracted time she stayed
in the ghetto, helping in the fabrication of documents for Jews involved
in the resistance movement. In her house there were always several Jews
hiding and later her apartment served as a meeting point for partisans,
as announced the Israeli Embassy in Warsaw. She was honored there
on Dec. 15, 1999.
DULSKI, Maria, wife
DULSKI, Jadwiga, daughter
DULSKI, Wanda, daughter
DUMA, Boleslaw, son
DUMA, Krystyna, daughter
DUNIN-WASOWICZ, Janina (1896-1972)
(1923-) son, historian
Janina, her husband Wladyslaw
and their two sons, Krzysztof and Marek, resided in Warsaw. Wladyslaw
was treasurer of the Union of Polish journalists. He had many contacts
with Jews and his objective and humanitarian attitude influenced also his
sons to help Jews. Janina, deprived of her teaching position, managed
the canteen of the RGO, Main Council for Aid, tolerated by the occupier.
Together with the free meals she passed financial aid to Jews. The
money came from the Bund and
from the ZKN, Jewish National Committee. She also took care of Janek, a boy whom
she placed with her acquaintance, Zofia Zolatkowski, as a gardner's helper. Krzysztof,
through his contacts with the Bund,
worked in the bookstore of Arct, where he met Moric Golber from Lvov under the
name Aleksander Artymowicz. With the help of Wladyslaw Bartoszewski,
(q.v.) and then with that of the Dunin-Wasowicz family, he was hidden and
survived. He maintains contacts with Krzysztof, now a Professor in
the Institute of History at the PAN, Polish Academy of Sciences, and is
the author of many books on the war. Other people took also advantage
of the help of the Dunin-Wasowicz family, e.g. the Teichorn from Drohobycz,
whose teenage son was hidden with the family. Teichorn co-operated
with Krzysztof in the socialist party. He disappeared in a roundup
at Zoliborz (Warsaw). Mrs. Teichorn worked as a servant, but had
to change her place of abode. Thanks again to Wladyslaw Bartoszewski
(q.v.), a safe haven was found for her elsewhere. In April 1944 Wladyslaw
and Janina were arrested and imprisoned at Pawiak. The sons were
taken into the Stutthof concentration camp near Gdansk. Just before
the Warsaw Uprising (1944) the parents were released and took part in the
Uprising. The sons returned home after the war. See: Grynberg,
op. cit. and the dramatic account of Prekerowa, op. cit. (p. 178-181)
DURACZ, Jerzy alias
Jerzy was active in AL, People's
Army, helping many Jews by providing them with false identifications and
putting them in contact with resistance detachments. On April 20,
1943 he took part with Zygmunt Bobowski, Niuta Tajtelbaum, the three under
the command of Franciszek Bartoszek in the attack on the machinegun nest
on Nowiniarska Street near the ghetto. They killed two SS soldiers
and two "Blue" policemen. See: The account of Felek in Bartoszewski
& Lewin, op. cit.
DURKO, Janusz, (1915-) historian
DURKO, Janina 1915-) wife
The couple living in Warsaw
started to help Jews in 1942. They liberated one room, which served
in turn to shelter Szpiro under the name Jozef Gronka. Then, after
Janusz rented another location for him, they gave the room to Leon Rytowski,
an actor, who had escaped from the ghetto, finally to Irena and her 5 years
old son. She left with the Durkos for Laski, near Warsaw. Szpiro
stated that he owes his life mostly to Janusz. All survived. See:
Grynberg, op. cit.
DUSZCZAK, Dymitr (1915-)
DUSZCZAK, Maria (1913-)
During the massacre of Jews
at Trembowla, Tarnopol prov. in April 1943 there came to the couple's farm
Abram and Maria Einleger, then their son Jozef Einleger-Kozak, owner of
the local pharmacy, with his wife Augustyna and later their second son
Fryderyk. The Duszczaks built two shelters, one in the barn, the
other outside, under the ground. There the Jews stayed until the
arrival of the Red Army, i.e. April 23, 1944. The testimony of Jozef
and Augustyna attests to the most cordial and disinterested treatment they
got from the Duszczaks. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
Zofia, asked for help by
the parents of Miriam Perlberg, a friend of her daughter, Ewa, from before
the war, brought the girl from Wieliczka to Cracow and later to Warsaw
and took care of her until her relatives came to retrieve her. Zofia
was honored in Warsaw on Dec. 15, 1999, as announced the Israeli Embassy
in Poland. For the entire story of Zofia Duszczynski see the account
under Chmura, Irena and Wanda (q.v.) in: Isakiewicz, op. cit.
DUTKIEWICZ, Stanislaw (1919-1990)
Stanislaw was a tram conductor
and mechanic in Warsaw and member of the socialist Party. Conducting
the tram across the ghetto he would throw food and medicines to Jews.
He accepted the proposal of Jozef Grajek, a representative of the Jewish
resistance, to put his apartment at his disposal and that of other representatives
of that resistance movement, including Tuvie Borzykowski, Halina and Stefan
Prum. From there they could be transferred to other shelters on the
"Aryan" side. He walled off a part of one room to which there was
an entrance through the oven. Such a shelter could contain several
people. Once Germans searched the apartment but did not discover
the people hidden there. Stanislaw bought some arms in 1943 for the
fighters in the ghetto. Suddenly a roundup started. He jumped
into a passing tram, pushed aside its conductor and took his place as if
nothing happened. After the fall of the Ghetto Uprising he welcomed
the fighters who reached the "Aryan" side through the sewers to transport
them to the Wyszkow forests where a Mordechai Anielewicz partisan unit
was organized. See: Grynberg, op.cit.
DUTKIEWICZ, Hanna, wife
DUTKIEWICZ, Ryszard, son
Anatol Thau finished his
high school in Lvov in 1934 and left for Palestine. His parents,
two sisters and an aunt remained in Poland. His younger sister, Lola,
joined him in Palestine but before the war returned to Poland. His
father was a lawyer interested in bees. In 1939 Anatol graduated
from the Technological Institute as architect. His father was deported
by Russians and put to graze cows; he separated from his wife in order
to spare the family to be deported too. His father had a close helper
in his law practice, Teodor Ryszard Dutkiewicz. Teodor, educated
in a protestant children home in Warsaw, married a Ukrainian girl, Hania,
who was a maid in the Dutkiewicz's home. They prospered on the farm
bought with the help of Mr. Thau until the coming of the Germans in 1941.
Mr. Thau left with him all his valuables. Dutkiewicz came and took
both sisters of Anatol and later his mother to Zimna Woda. The lawyer
asked him to rent with his gold coins a villa, where the entire Thau family
gathered. Both children, Ryszard, the son and Stefa(nia) took part
in buying food for so many people. When Teodor became ill and had
to go to the hospital, his wife was terrified. Anatol's father told
her that there is a Jewish legend, that if one offers under oath his own
life for another person, that person will survive. I give ten years
of my life to Ryszard, but, you, Hania, must be faithful to his instructions
and keep us until he returns. He did after a week. The greatest
danger came then from the Ukrainians. Hania begged her husband to
declare himself a Ukrainian, but he refused, telling that he is a Pole.
Anatol's father died exactly ten years later, and exactly ten year after
him died Dutkiewicz. Anatol tried to contact his family from Palestine,
but they, like most Poles, moved to Zielona Gora in Western Poland.
When it was possible Anatol brought from Poland Stefania, the only one
who was still living from the Dutkiewicz family, to receive the medal of
"Righteous" for all four of them. She brought with her the letter
of her father, Teodor, written on May 12, 1944, with his will, in which
he gave to Teodor Dutkiewicz half of his house in Lvov and asked his son
to comply with it without any hesitation. Teodor never sent to Anatol
those writings. And Anatol, now Prof. Anatol Avszalom Thau, understood
the nobility of Teodor Dutkiewicz. Stefa does not live also.
As Anatol has no peace as the will of his father was not fulfilled, he
thinks that his account is the only way to render him honor. He did
it already by taking care of the recognition as "Righteous" of the entire
family. See: Isakiewicz, op. cit.
DUTKIEWICZ, Waclaw (not related)
DUTKIEWICZ, Helena, wife
see MAKAR Jan & Katarzyna, parents?
DYDYNA, Maria Krystyna
DYDYNSKI, Zdzislaw, mechanical
Zdzislaw, a Pole but son
of a German mother, whose brothers, high SS officials arrived in Warsaw,
took advantage of that circumstance, in order to save as many Jews as possible,
as he was a member of the Polish underground. Under the pretext that
he had the right to be declared by German authorities in Berlin as a "Reichsdeutsche"
(German national), he refused to sign the "Volkdeutsche List." Owning
several apartment buildings around the city, he gave refuge to countless
Jews either for a night or even for years - they switched buildings every
few days. When he was denounced as helping Jews he ran to his SS
uncles to let him go. His home was like a hotel. One of the
persons saved testified that "His door was open to everybody; he was always
ready to help". He married Karolina, one of those he saved, a Jewish
lady, widow of a Polish officer, killed in the September 1939 campaign.
He arrived with her to Canada in 1949 and living modestly in Montreal,
was active in the Canadian Polish Congress. He was honored in Montreal
on Dec. 21, 1981 and before that at Yad Vashem itself. Case No.
1932 started in 1979.
Michal lived at Nagoszyn,
county Debica, Tarnobrzeg prov. From 1942 till the end of the war
Michal hid in his home the sister of Tevle Knie, and her husband, both
from Nagoszyn. The three persons saved live in Canada and the USA.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DYL, Janina, wife, born
DYL, Irena Zofia (1926-)
married also DYL, Jan
Michal and Janina Dyl resided
at Czajkow Poludniowy, near Wisniowa, Tarnobrzeg prov. with their son,
Dionizy, killed by the Germans and the daughter Irena. They saved
Abramczyk, and also harbored for a certain time Regina and Elias F. and
their nephew Aleksander E. in a hole made in the ground and in another
shelter in hay in the barn. At night the hiding Jews could come to
their home. A German crushed Irena's fingers with his boot when she
tried to defend a Jew. Irena is now a retired teacher in her village.
The three were recognized as "Righteous" by a letter from Yad Vashem dated
July 15, 1996. The Case 6510C started in 1987.
It is necessary to mention
here that Irena Zofia's parents-in-law, Piotr and Michalina Dyl, born Macias
and Irena's grandmother, Marianna Dyl, born Majek likewise harbored Jews.
Irena Zofia's husband Jan's two brothers: Michal then 23 and Feliks then
15, were old enough to know about the hidden Jews, but none of that familly
of five were recognized, although some Jewish persons inquired about them,
but did not find them home when they came to visit them.
DYLAG, Janina see KLEIN,
DYMEK, Franciszek (1914-)
DYMEK, Bronislawa, (1925-)
wife, born KOLANO
They lived in Lvov with their
2 years old daughter and the parents of Bronislawa, Franciszek and Katarzyna
Kolano (q.v.). The following acquaintances benefited from this family's
help: among others Dr. Bacektrug, Dr. Halpern-Frenkel and Lipa Neufeld
with her son Henryk who later were sheltered by the Dworskis. Franciszek
and Bronislawa also helped directly Filip and Ema Halpern, whose 12 years
old daughter Bianka remained with them till the end of t he occupation.
Franciszek concealed also the sister of Izydor Stark, whom he placed with
his own sister Karolina at Glogoczow and later in Lvov. Franciszek's
father-in-law, Kolano, hid the shoemaker Mojko in the attic. When
the Gestapo suddenly appeared, the young woman took poison and Franciszek
jumped through the window from the second floor and escaped, alerting thus
the family and saving Bianka. The Dymeks left with Bianka for Grobel,
on the river San, until the war's end. A Jewish organization took
Bianka Halpern, who lives now in the USA and maintains contact with the
Dymeks. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DYMEK, Ignac (not related)
DYMEK, Anna, wife
DYMEK, Wanda (not related)
see JEDYNAK-DYMEK, W.
DYNA Emilia's father
DYNA Emilia's mother
DYNOWSKI, Wladyslaw, son
DYNOWSKI, Ludwika, wife
(the four are related)
Irena was a teacher at Czajkow,
near Staszow, Kielce prov. She was the "spiritus movens" of the action
of saving Jews in that village and its surroundings, in which approximately 50 inhabitants
took part. One of the persons saved, Regina F. writes in her testimony:
(citation) "She put her mind and her heart in helping us to survive by
convincing other well-known people in the village to take us in and keep
us as long as it was safe - and when it became dangerous she found us another
place and another basement and saw to it that we have the basic needs necessary
to survive and personally brought to us things we needed like a candle,
matches or some paper. Every time she visited us she brought to us new hope
to keep fighting to survive. She seemed to us like an angel sent
to us by some higher might. She took care of the homeless and the poorest
people who were hiding in the woods and she helped others by putting out
food nightly in front of the house for the poor to come and pick it up
and encouraged other people to do the same. She was a blessing for
all the Jews." She married one of those she saved, and moved with him to
the USA. She was recognized as "Righteous" by letter dated: Sept.
5, 1996, Case no. 6510B. At her solemn decoration in Albany, N.Y.
on June 3, 1997, there took part the Israeli Consul, the local bishop and
the Board of Rabbis. The story of the village of Czajkow, from which
12 persons were up to now recognized, started in 1987.
DYRDA, Maria, wife
DYRDA, Pawel, son
DYRDAL-KIELBASA, Maria see
DZIADEK, Zofia, wife
DZIANKOWSKI, Maria (1911-1973)
Maria resided in Stanislawow
and provided food and many medicines to its ghetto. In 1943 she extricated
from it Zofia Kahn and her daughter, for whom she obtained "Aryan" documents.
She helped financially Zofia's parents, Estera and Dr. Leon Breur who distributed
those medicines in the Rohatyn ghetto. Both of them found themselves
in the Kolomyja ghetto. In 1964 the Union of Stanislawow Jews invited
Maria with her son to Tel-Aviv and received them with great honors.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DZIECHCIARZ, Genowefa, wife
DZIEDOWICZ, Anna, daughter
DZIEDZIC, Maria, wife
(not related) see SKRZYPIEC-DZIEDZIC, W.
DZIELSKI, Eligia, daughter
see SADZIKOWSKI, K.
see SZYMANSKI, Piotr, father
DZIK, Tadeusz (1915-)
He completed his law studies
at the University of Cracow. In high school he befriended Maksymilian
Wahl. During the occupation he had a ghetto pass as a worker for
the electricity department there. Fryderyk Wahl provided Tadeusz
with photographs of Jews, which Tadeusz gave to a man who prepared, for
money, false documents for the Jews. Thanks to those documents given
to all the members of the Wahl family among them to Paulina, she, with
the help of Tadeusz, landed a job in a hospital. Helena Drajkopel
and Frania Bilfeld, now living in Israel also got such documents.
From the Wahl family only Paulina and her brother Julian survived the war.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
DZIK, Katarzyna, wife
DZIK, Jan, son
DZIK, Genowefa, daughter
DZIUBA, Ignacy (Jozef?)
DZIUBA, Bronislawa, wife
DZIUROWICZ, Maria, wife
DZIUROWICZ, Roman son
The family hid in their cellar
Pinchas Wasserberger and Roman bought him food every day. Father and son
were recognized as "Righteous" in 1999. They were honored on May 2, 2000
in Cracow, as announced the Israeli Embassy in Poland. The mother
of the family, Maria, was recognized 19 years earlier, in 1980.
DZYWULSKI Marina, wife (the
couple does not appear on the 1999 Yad Vashem list)
DZWIGAJ-LACNY, Irena see
DZUGALA, Maria, wife, daughter
of Stanislaw & Franciszka PIZIO